Flu – Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Causes

There are three major viruses of influenza that affect human beings, influenza A (Swine flu or H1N1 and H3N2), B, and C. The first two viruses, A and B, are very dangerous and normally result in very severe diseases. For that reason, these types of influenza viruses are targeted by annual flu vaccination programs. There are a number of ways in which influenza can be transmitted from one person to another. Some of the common ways include sneezing, by air through coughing, and contact with the virus directly through people’s hands and hard surfaces. The flu can be very dangerous and can cause complications such as pneumonia and chest infections for young children and elderly people.

Symptoms

The symptoms of the flu normally start appearing three days after someone has acquired the infection. Some of the major symptoms include coughing, sneezing, runny noses, chills, high fever, muscle aches, tiredness, and headache. Most people who get the flu suffer for around four weeks and then recover. However, in some cases, victims can develop severe health problems such as pneumonia, sinus infections, bronchitis, liver complications or blood system complications which might lead to hospitalisation or even death.

Prevention

One of the best ways to prevent flu and other associated illness is by having the annual flu vaccination, you can either visit your General Practitioner (GP) or speak with your employer to arrange for a workplace flu vaccination program. It is important to note that you should have the flu vaccine every year since the virus continuously mutates. The vaccine provides protection against the flu strains which are most available during each winter season. Research indicates that the influenza vaccine is very effective in protecting people from the flu, especially in the cold months of July and August.

 

Would you like to know more about how to prevent the spread of the flu or influenza at work? Just drop us a line or simply give us a quick phone call to find out more.

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